The news of the existence of this Przewalski horse having spread to Western Europe, many zoos or private parks wanted to acquire them. From 1897, several capture campaigns were organized. The most successful, was that of 1901,which resulted in the capture of 52 foals after which the adults, too fast and too suspicious, were slaughtered. Only 28 of these foals arrived alive in Europe.
These campaigns were a disaster for the species and ultimately provided only 11 individual animals capable of breeding. They were joined, with a Mongolian female pony in 1906 and a wild captured mare in 1947, the origin of the current population of wild horses.
The last wild Przewalski Horse was observed in 1968 in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
For several decades, the descendants of these 13 wild horses languished in zoos and parks, having lost all their wild culture. Today, their number is around 1500. Three associations were created, about twenty years ago, to try to reintroduce this prehistoric horse in Mongolia.
The International NGO Takhi Group released 90 horses between 1992 and 2004 after a reeducation to wildlife. The NGO Foundation for the Preservation of Nature and Environment released 84 individuals in another region of Mongolia. Finally, the association Takh created by the Swiss ethologist Claudia Feh, based in the Cevennes, transferred 22 horses, still in Mongolia, in 2004 and 2005.
Seven of the Przewalski horses from our Reserve come from Takh herds. Today, around 350 Przewalski horses are back to a wild and free life, not to mention those of the biological Reserve of the Monts d’Azur.
Information from IUCN: Visit